Gardening Guide

A Guide to Organic Plants and Growing Supplies

Our Organic Farmers

Our vegetable starter plants are certified organic and locally grown. We select varieties that are suited for home gardens and local growing conditions!

Varieties are subject to seasonal availability. See something you like? Grab it now!

Fort Hill Farm

New Milford, CT – 14.8 miles away

Fort Hill Farm grows a variety of vegetable and herb starter plants just for us! Each variety is field-tested on their New Milford farm to ensure it will do well in our climate. Run by Rebecca Batchie and Paul Bucciaglia and certified organic through Baystate, Fort Hill Farm uses growing practices which promote healthy soil and protect our environment. Their goal is to produce the highest quality, freshest produce for organic food lovers in western Connecticut. To that end, Fort Hill produces a bountiful array of organic vegetables, herbs, flowers, and berries on 16 acres of land.

Gilbertie’s Herb Gardens

Easton, CT – 23.8 miles away

During plant season, we visit Gilbertie’s weekly to hand-select the finest certified organic herbs and vegetables for your garden! Founded in 1922 as a cut-flower business in Westport, CT, Gilbertie’s Herb Gardens remains a family-run business more than 90 years later. Sal Gilbertie and his family produce organic herb plants known across the country. Their greenhouses supply a warm environment for winter seedlings as well as a wide variety of microgreens and vegetables which are available year-round.

Organic Seedlings

Tomatoes

Plant in soil amended with compost and organic fertilizer. Space 1.5-2 ft. apart in full sun. Bury plants up to their first true leaves (approximately 3-6 in. of stem); the stem will sprout roots to provide for a strong, stable plant. Transplant late May to mid-June when nighttime temperatures remain above 50°F.

Hybrid

Early Girl: (55 days) Hybrid. Indeterminate. Reliably early variety yielding red 4-6 oz. fruits to jumpstart your tomato season.
Big Beef: (70 days) Hybrid. Indeterminate. Popular red beefsteak that is a frequent contender for best flavor. Early-to-ripen for their 10-12 oz. fruit size.
Defiant: (70 days) Hybrid. Determinate. Deep red beefsteak resistant to late blight, fusarium and verticillium wilts. Produces high yields of 6-8 oz. fruits.
Lemon Boy: (72 days) Hybrid. Indeterminate. Bright lemon-yellow globe-shaped fruits averaging 6-8 oz. with sweet mild flavor.

Heirloom

Valencia: (70 days) OP. Indeterminate. A Maine family heirloom producing round golden-orange 8-10 oz. fruits. A real winner for mid-season flavor.
Green Zebra: (75 days) OP. Indeterminate. When ripe, 3-4 oz. green fruit develop a yellow blush in between dark green stripes.
Cherokee Purple: (80 days) OP. Indeterminate. Kerry’s favorite! Tennessee heirloom with flattened medium-large (8-12 oz.) dusky rose fruit. Shoulders will darken around stem when ripe. Boasts a sweet rich tomato flavor.
Mortgage Lifter: (80 days) OP. Indeterminate. Renowned for producing 1 lb.+ fruits! Sweet rich flavor.
Paul Robeson: (80 days) OP. Indeterminate. Russian heirloom yielding 7-10 oz. deep maroon fruits with pleasant complex flavor.
Striped German: (80 days) OP. Indeterminate. Large (12 oz.+) fruits have marbled yellow and red flesh. Very sweet with less acidity than a red tomato.
Brandywine: (85 days) OP. Indeterminate. Amish heirloom with large (up to 1 lb.) fruits with pink skin and red flesh. Often described as the best-tasting heirloom.

Plum/Paste

San Marzano Plum: (85 days) OP. Indeterminate. Classic Italian plum tomato with meaty flesh and few seeds. Red cylindrical fruit are unrivaled when it comes to tomato sauce and paste. Also good for canning.
Cour di Bue Oxheart: (90 days) OP. Indeterminate. Bears meaty flavorful 12 oz. heart-shaped fruits. Hails from Italy.
Jersey Devil Paste: (90 days) OP. Indeterminate. High-yielder of 4-6 in. long tapered red fruits. Fantastic flavor with few seeds.

Cherry Tomato

Sun Gold: (65 days) Hybrid. Indeterminate. A vigorous grower producing an abundance of extremely sweet bright orange cherry tomatoes.
Red Grape: (70 days) Hybrid. Indeterminate. Produces sweet, firm, cherry-sized fruit popular for salads.
Sweet 100: (70 days) Hybrid. Indeterminate. A heavy yielder of mouthwatering sweet red cherry tomatoes.

Ground Cherry

Also known as husk cherry. Amend the soil with compost and organic fertilizer. Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in full sun. Transplant late May to mid-June when nighttime temperatures remain above 50°F. More cold tolerant than tomatoes; will bear until frost.

Goldie: (75 days) OP. Produces sweet golden fruit in a papery husk similar to tomatillos and Japanese lanterns. Fruits are the size of a small cherry tomato. Ready to harvest when husks turn from green to golden. Will “slip” off the vine when fully ripe. Enjoy raw as a fun snack or use for preserving.

Eggplant

Amend the soil with compost and organic fertilizer. Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in full sun. Transplant late May to mid-June when nighttime temperatures remain above 50°F. To protect tender seedlings from flea beetles and Colorado Potato Beetles, cover with floating row cover.

Machiaw: (65 days) Hybrid. Japanese eggplant with long thin lavender fruits. Sweet tender flesh cooks more quickly than classic Italian eggplant.
Nadia Classic Italian: (67 days) Hybrid. Traditional Italian eggplant with glossy dark purple-black skin.
Rosa Bianca: (73 days) OP. Italian heirloom producing beautiful round white fruit with a purple blush. Flesh cooks quickly and is mild and creamy.

Peppers

Amend soil with compost and organic fertilizer. Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in full sun. Transplant late May to mid-June when nighttime temperatures remain above 50°F.

Bell

Red Knight: (78 days) Hybrid. Blocky thick-walled bells ripen to red but can be harvested at any point from green (57 days) to red. Sweet flavor.
Flavorburst: (87 days) Hybrid. Excellent-flavored medium-sized bell peppers ripen from lime green to golden. Harvest from green (67 days) to yellow.
Orange: Sweet crisp bells ripen to orange. Harvest from green to orange.

Italian

Sweet Red Italia: (75 days) OP. Long Italian horn-shaped red pepper with thin walls and sweet crisp flesh. Great raw or cooked, especially sautéed, roasted, or grilled. Harvest when peppers are fully red.

Hot

Cayenne: Produces long, slender, thin-walled chiles delivering intense heat (30,000-50,000 Scoville Heat Units). Will ripen to crimson. Harvest when fully red. Can be dried and made into powder or pepper flakes.
Habanero: Produces wrinkly thin-walled chiles that ripen from green to orange. Extremely spicy (100,000-350,000 Scoville Heat Units). Can be used fresh or dried.
Jalapeño: Bears 2-4 in. long dark green peppers with moderate heat (3,500-8,000 Scoville Heat Units). Remove the seeds for milder spice.

Cuburbits

Transplant after danger of frost has passed in an area with full sun and well-drained compost-enriched fertile soil. Peel off the top 1/3 of the peat pot. Submerge entirely underground without disturbing roots. Water well. Floating row cover protects young plants from squash bugs and cucumber beetles; remove at time of flowering to ensure pollination.

Cucumbers

Plant 1 ft. apart in rows 3 ft. apart, or trellis vines to save space. Keep well watered for abundant harvests. Pick 2-3 times per week.

Burpless Asian: Contains low or no cucurbitacin, a compound causing bitterness. Very similar to English cucumbers.
Bush Pickle: (49 days) Hybrid. Compact plant saves space and bears plentiful 4 in. long pickling cucumbers.
Marketmore 76: (58 days) OP. Produces slender 8-9 in. long slicing cucumbers with dark green skin.

Summer Squash

Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in rows 4-6 ft. apart. Irrigate for higher yields. Harvest 2-3 times per week by cutting stems when fruits reach desired size. Handle gently as fruits have thin skin.

Yellow squash: A reliable producer of bright yellow squash.
Patty Pan: (55 days) Hybrid. Also known as scallop or sunburst squash due to its flattened shape and curved edges. Multi-colored mix of 4-6 in. squash.
Zephyr: (55 days) Hybrid. Produces copious yellow squash with pale green blossom ends. Delectable nutty flavor when harvested at 4-6 in. Good variety for harvesting edible squash blossoms.
Zucchini: Bears tender tasty squash with glossy green skin.

Melons

Vining plants need room to sprawl. Plant 1.5-3 ft. apart in rows 6 ft. apart. Melons like it warm! Row cover can increase yields. Remove at time of flowering to ensure pollination.

Starlight Watermelon: (75 days) Hybrid. Dependable producer of round 8-10 lb. melons with sweet crisp red flesh.
Athena Cantaloupe: (79 days) Hybrid. This variety is your best bet for home-grown cantaloupe! Yields 5-6 lb. fruit with juicy pale orange flesh. For best flavor, harvest when the vine begins to slip from the fruit.

Winter Squash

Vining plants require ample space: 1.5-2 ft. apart in rows 3-4 ft. apart. In the fall, when stems and squash skin harden, clip stems an inch from the fruit and allow to cure in a warm well-ventilated spot for 2-3 weeks.
‘Butter Boy’ Butternut Squash: (85 days) Hybrid. Compact plant ideal for home gardening. Provides small to medium-sized fruits with sweet red-orange flesh. Squash become sweeter in storage.
‘Honey Bear’ Bush Acorn Squash: (85 days) Hybrid. Compact plant (perfect for the home garden!) provides single-serving-size 4 in. round fruits with delicious starchy orange flesh. Store up to 3 months if blemish-free.

Cole Crops

Require full sun. Transplant into fertile soil amended with compost and organic fertilizer. Cold hardy and ready-to-plant at time of purchase. Do not delay as it will stunt plant growth. Keep adequately watered. Use floating row cover to mitigate flea beetles and cabbage loopers. To protect from cutworms, place a plastic collar around the base of the plant.

Broccoli

Space plants 1.5 ft. apart in rows 1.5-2 ft. apart. Many varieties will form a central head followed by offshoots. Harvest the main head before the green-blue flower buds open to yellow flowers.

Brussels Sprouts

Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in rows 2.5-3 ft. apart. Harvest sprouts when well-formed and tightly headed by snapping them off the stalk. Wait till after a fall frost to ensure sweetness.

Cabbage

Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in rows 1.5-2 ft. apart. Each plant yields a single cabbage. Harvest when dense and full.

Cauliflower

Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in rows 1.5-2 ft. apart. When head reaches 2-3 in., tie large outer leaves together around it to “blanch.” This causes its snow white color.

Kohlrabi

Space plants at 4 in. with 1 ft. between rows. Harvest when bulbs reach 3-4 in. in size so that they remain tender, crisp, and sweet. Greens can be prepared similarly to collards and kale.

Alliums + Roots

Plant as early as possible, starting in late April to mid-May. Require fertile soil and full sun. Sensitive to weed-pressure due to shallow root systems; mulch or keep well-weeded. All alliums grow best with ample water (at least 1 in. of rain per week). To plant, gently break apart seedling clumps. Place one seedling per hole, 2-3 in. deep.

Leeks

Milder and sweeter than onions. Space 6-8 in. apart, in rows 1 ft. apart. Mound soil around plants as they grow to blanch the shaft, forming the usable white neck. Pull from the ground as needed, starting in mid to late September. Pencil-sized leeks can be used like scallions starting in August. Mature leeks will overwinter if properly mulched.

Onions

Space 4-8 in. apart in rows 1 ft. apart. Harvest when bulbs size up for fresh use. Pull all onions in late summer when tops fall over. Sun-cure or hang to dry before clipping necks for storage.

Red Long of Tropea: (90 days) OP. Stunning red torpedo-shaped onion. Traditionally grown in Italy and France for mid-summer harvest. Use fresh or store in fridge for up to 2 months. Not suited for long term storage.
Ailsa Craig: (110 days) OP. Huge round very sweet Spanish-type onion. For fresh use. Will store in the fridge for up to 2 months.

Shallots

Space 2-4 in. apart in rows 1 ft. apart. Tighter spacing encourages the formation of a single bulb. Harvest when necks soften and tops fall over. Sun-cure or hang to dry before clipping necks for storage.

Beets

Plant 3-6 in. apart in rows 1-1.5 ft. apart. Do not disturb their roots. Can be harvested as baby beets and greens or be grown to full-size.

Greens

Transplant into fertile well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Cold-tolerant and ready-to-plant at time of purchase. Most greens perform best in cooler temperatures.

Arugula

Can be selectively harvested as baby leaf or allowed to grow into bunching size. Plants will regrow after harvest, but leaves will not be as tender as the first cutting. Arugula’s pepperiness intensifies as the plants grow larger. For a continual supply, get new plants or direct-seed every 2-3 weeks.

Dandelion Greens

Verdant green leaves with an upright growth habit and pleasantly bitter taste. A super cold-tolerant green that dislikes warm weather. Plant as soon as possible. Harvest as baby leaf or allow to reach full maturity. For full size, space at 6-8 in.

Head Lettuce

Space plants 1 ft. apart for full heads or at 6 in. for mini heads.

Butterhead: Also known as Boston. Forms tight heads of ruffled leaves with a soft blanched heart. Sweet buttery flavor.
Green and Red Leaf: Mild-flavored leafy lettuce in shades of green or red.
Romaine: Upright leaves are sweet and juicy with a delightful crunchy texture.

Collards + Kale

Space plants 1-1.5 ft. apart in rows 1.5-2 ft. apart. Use of row cover is encouraged to avoid flea beetle and cabbage looper damage. Start harvest with the larger leaves at the plant’s base. Avoid stripping all of the leaves for optimal regrowth. Can produce all season.

Champion Collards: Broad dark green leaves that are tender in texture.
Curly Green Kale: Prolific producer of curled green leaves. Great raw in smoothies and salads.
Lacinato Kale: Also known as Tuscan or dinosaur kale. Slender deeply savoyed dark blue-green leaves.

Spinach

Dislikes high temperatures. Space at 6 in. in rows 1 ft. apart. Selectively harvest as baby leaf or allow to grow to bunching size. If the leaves turn from rounded to pointed, the plant is preparing to flower; harvest crop in its entirety as it will grow bitter.

Swiss Chard

Space plants 1 ft. apart in rows 1-1.5 ft. apart. Can be planted more densely but will result in smaller leaves. Harvest the larger outer leaves and allow to regrow before picking again. Can produce all season.

Herbs

Easy to grow in average garden soil. Many perform well in containers. Annual herbs will produce for one season while perennials regrow each spring. Tender perennials may require mulching or to be brought indoors to survive the winter. Biennials set seed in their second season and are treated as annuals. Note the individual requirements listed below.

Basil

Annual. Requires full sun. Transplant 6-8 in. apart in rows 1.5 ft. apart after danger of frost has passed. Provide protection if temperatures drop to 45°F or lower. Harvest leaves from the top down, pinching above a leaf pair. Remove blossoms as it encourages growth while preventing bitterness.

Genovese: Authentic Italian basil. Dark green aromatic foliage.
Purple: Dark glossy purple leaves boasting classic basil flavor.
Thai: Delicate green leaves on dark purple stems with purple blooms. Sweet anise aroma and taste.

Catnip

Perennial. Plant 1-2 ft. apart in average soil. A member of the mint family and prone to spread. After establsihed, the top third of the plant can be harvested. Fencing required to protect from cats. Dry in bunches or on screens for cat treats or as herbal tea. Ornamental and a great pollinator plant.

Chives

Perennial. Prefers in-ground planting. Space plants 4-8 in. apart in sun or partial shade. Both the leaves and flowers are edible. Greens become tough once in flower. Pinch back blossoms mid-season to avoid seeding “volunteers” and to encourage more tender shoots. Use in place of scallions.

Cilantro

Annual. Also called coriander as it produces coriander seeds. Use straight from the pot and replenish your supply as needed with new plants or seeds. Keep soil moist in an area with full sun. A must have for fresh salsa.

Dill

Annual. Use straight from the pot. Place in full sun and keep soil moist. Replenish as needed with new plants or seeds. Seed heads used in dill pickles.

Lavendar

Tender perennial. Space 1-1.5 ft. apart in rows 2-3 ft. apart. Requires well-drained gravelly soil in full sun to thrive. A south-facing location is ideal. Harvest fragrant flowers just before they open. Use fresh or dried. Great for tea, herbal bath and body products, smudge sticks, and desserts.

Lemongrass

Tender perennial. Transplant outdoors after danger of frost. Space 1.5-3 ft. apart in full sun. Prefers average to moist soil. Harvest once well-established. Select single stalks from the exterior or harvest the entire clump before a frost. Use fresh or dried.

Lemon Verbena

Tender periennial. Space 1 ft. apart in rows 2-3 ft. apart in well-drained soil or grow in a container. Sweet lemon flavor is refreshing for tea and in desserts. Plant near walkways where its fragrance can be appreciated.

Lovage

Perennial. Space 2-3 ft. apart in moist fertile soil in full sun to partial shade. Will grow up to 6 ft. tall. Harvest select leaves in the first year. Subsequently, whole branches can be harvested. Leaves and young stems both taste strongly of celery. Good in soups and sauces. Attracts pollinators.

Mint

Perennial. Space plants 1.5-2 ft. apart in moist yet well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Tendency to spread if not contained. Harvest regularly.

Apple Mint: Has soft fuzzy leaves and a fruity aroma. Adaptable: tolerates hot dry conditions better than other mints and can also be grown indoors.
Peppermint: Dark green foliage with splendid flavor and aroma. Great for tea.
Spearmint: Produces bright green leaves with lavender flowers. Commonly used in cooking. The most aggressive grower of all mints.

Nasturtium

Annual. Transplant 8-12 in. apart in well-drained soil with exposure to full sun or partial shade. Plant 3-5 plants in hanging baskets or containers. Delaying planting will stunt growth. Produces beautiful edible flowers, foliage, and seed pods with a spicy peppery flavor. Lovely in salads and as a garnish.

Oregano

Perennial. Transplant in average soil with full sun. Space plants 1 ft. apart. Pinch back new growth.

Parsley

Biennial. Space plants 1 ft. apart in fertile soil in an area with full sun. When harvesting, select large outer leaves. Inner leaves will continue to grow. Mature plants are cold-hardy. Will regrow in spring to set seed.

Curly: Grows into a dense clump 8-14 in. tall. More productive and with a milder flavor than flat parsley. Its curly leaf shape adds loft to dishes.
Flat: Also known as Italian parsley, it has flat serrated leaves which boast a stronger flavor than curly parsley. Favored by chefs for this reason.

Pineapple Sage

Tender Perennial. Space plants 2-3 ft. apart. in well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Highly ornamental with red flowers. Looks and smells wonderful in floral arrangements. It really does smell like pineapple! Delicious as a tea.

Rosemary

Tender perennial. Typically grown as an annual outdoors (8-10 in. spacing) or overwintered indoors. Prefers well-drained soil in full sun. Use with pork, seafood, and potatoes. Delightful with fresh garlic and olive oil.

Sage

Perennial. Space plants 1 ft. apart. in well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Good drainage necessary for overwintering. A little goes a long way. Pairs well with butternut squash, apples, pork, beef, duck, and chicken.

Scented Geraniums

Tender Perennial. Not a true geranium. Space 1 ft. apart in well-drained soil in full sun. Bring indoors to over-winter. A fragrant addition for cut flowers. Also edible! Use in drinks, jams, and baked goods.

Tarragon

Perennial. Space 1.5 ft. apart in well-drained gravelly soil in full sun. Harvest sparingly until plant is well-established. Has a subtle anise flavor.Great with chicken, fish, eggs, and vegetables.

Thyme

Perennial. Plant 8-12 in. apart in well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. After it’s established, harvest prior to flowering. Use with lamb, pork, cheese, vegetables, and eggs.

Seeding Your Fall Garden

Many vegetables can be sown as succession plantings for continued harvest throughout the growing season. With planning, you can sow seeds during the summer months for abundant harvests until the killing frost. For best results in late fall, use cold-hardy varieties and insulating row cover.

Crop

Variety

Planting Notes

Arugula

Astro, Grazia

Sow April – late August

Asian Greens

Mizuna, Prize Choy, Tatsoi

Sow by mid-August for fall

Beets

Bull’s Blood, Detroit Dark Red

Sow mid-July for fall storage

Broccoli

Belstar, De Cicco

Sow mid-June for fall

Cabbage

Golden Acre, Red Express

Sow mid-June for fall

Carrots

Danvers, YaYa

Sow mid-July for fall storage

Cauliflower

Goodman

Sow mid-June for fall

Cilantro

Caribe

Sow April – early September

Cucumbers

Marketmore, National

Sow late May – July

Dill

Greensleeves

Sow April – early September

Fennel

Finale

Sow mid-July for fall

Green Beans

Royal Burgundy, Provider

Sow late May – July

Kale

Curly Roja, Lacinato, Vates, White Russian

Sow mid-June – July for fall

Lettuce

Rouge d’Hiver

Sow April – August

Peas

Mammoth Melting

Sow July for fall crop

Scallions

Parade Bunching

Sow April – June

Spinach

Giant Winter, Shelby

Sow August – early September

Summer Squash

Dark Green Zucchini, Success PM

Sow late May – July

Radishes

Miyashige Daikon,

Watermelon

Sow August for fall storage

Swiss Chard

Rainbow, Ruby Red

Sow mid-June – July for fall

Turnips

Hakurei, Purple Top

Sow mid-July – early August

Lawn + Garden Supply

We carry organic fertilizers, compost and potting soil, seed starting supplies, and pest deterrents. All products are OMRI-approved for certified organic production. Come see what we have available! Looking for something specific? Check with us about special orders. We’re happy to support your organic efforts in any way. Call us with your gardening questions!

Coast of Maine

Portland, ME – 273 miles away

Since 1996, Carlos and Jean Quijano have been producing high quality compost and soil-building products from Maine’s biologically rich resources: salmon, lobster, blueberry, seaweed, and mussels. Their soil-building products are specifically formulated for the organic grower.

Neptune’s Harvest

Gloucester, MA – 190 miles away

Neptune’s Harvest was borne out of a family-owned wholesale fish and seafood company in an effort to fully utilize their fresh fish by-products, thereby transforming waste into one of the best organic fertilizers available today.

North Country Organics

Gloucester, MA – 214 miles away

Founded by Paul Sachs after his favorite organic fertilizer producer went out of business in 1983 with the concept that agriculture can be productive, successful, and more profitable without compromising the earth’s delicate ecosystem by using harmful chemicals.

Organic Fertilizers

Fertilizer offers necessary nutrients for healthy plants. Each states an N-P-K breakdown with the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Fast-acting and used to primarily feed plants and not the soil. Can be used with house or garden plants, around trees and shrubs, on lawns, and as a compost enhancer. For application rates, follow package instructions.

Coast of Maine’s Crab Concentrate Plant Food: (1-2-0) An all-natural plant food for fruits and vegetables. Made of crab shells and squid.
Coast of Maine’s Kelp Concentrate Plant Food: (0-0-2) A potent source of trace nutrients beneficial for promoting healthier plants and improved yields. A great all-purpose selection for house and garden plants.
Coast of Maine’s Salmon Concentrate Plant Food: (2-2-0) Ideal for fertilizing roses and flowers. A blend of salmon and dogfish, this combo promotes fruiting and flowering. Good for indoor and outdoor applications.
Coast of Maine’s Squid Concentrate Plant Food: (2-3-0) Specially formulated for indoor plants. Promotes budding and blooming.
Neptune’s Harvest Fish Fertilizer: (2-4-1) Chock full of readily available vitamins, amino acids, and enzymes which stimulate plant growth. Unlike fish emulsions, retains fish proteins and oils without the unpleasant odor.
Neptune’s Harvest Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer: (2-3-1) Blend of hydrolyzed fish fertilizer and seaweed concentrate offering the best of both products for more complete fertilization. An excellent choice for the home garden.
Neptune’s Harvest Seaweed Plant Food: (0-0-1) Contains 60+ naturally occurring nutrients to enhance plant development, color, and vigor. Seaweed can increase plant hardiness during temperature extremes and dry spells.
North Country Organic’s Pro-Gro: (5-3-4) General-purpose high-nutrient blend of natural sulfate of potash, phosphate rock, animal and vegetable protein meals, and natural nitrate of soda. Yields rapid results for lawns, trees, shrubs, fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Use 50 lb. per cubic foot.

Soil-Builders

Composting breaks down natural materials, transforming them into a fertilizer rich in nutrients and a soil-building medium high in organic matter. Coast of Maine combines high-quality compost with other components for healthy soils. Incorporate into garden beds prior to planting, top-dress plants already in the ground, and add to potting mix.

Cobscook Blend Garden Soil: All-purpose garden soil comprised of blueberry and salmon compost, aged bark, sphagnum peat moss, and limestone. Requires less frequent watering and is great for conditioning sandy soils and loosening up compacted clay soils. Perfect for acid-loving plants like azaleas and blueberries.
Penobscot Blend Compost & Peat: Complete planting mix for annuals, perennials, trees and shrubs. Blend of salmon and blueberry compost, peat moss, and mussel shell fragments which help aerate the soil.
Quoddy Blend Lobster Compost: Well-draining mix of chitin- and calcium-rich lobster shells, compost, and peat humus. Ideal for vegetables and herbs.
Schoodic Blend Cow Manure Compost: Rich all-purpose soil made from carefully composted cow manure blended with peat and peat humus. Use in flower and vegetable gardens.

Potting Soil

Container growing requires different blends for different stages of plant life. Use a lighter textured propagation mix for starting seeds or cuttings. As seedlings mature, transplant or “pot up” into a moisture-holding nutrient-dense blend. Coast of Maine offers both.

Bar Harbor Blend Potting Soil: A lighter mix that still holds moisture. Formulated for house plants, hanging baskets, window boxes, and all other containers. Made with salmon, blueberry, and lobster composts, lobster shells, sphagnum peat, perlite, and kelp meal.
Sprout Island Seed Starter: Designed for germinating seeds and rooting plant cuttings. This ready-to-use blend includes mycorrhizae, worm castings, kelp, and compost.
Castine Blend Organic Raised Bed Mix: A rich soil for growing healthy vegetables and herbs in raised beds, planter boxes, and containers. Made with composted manure, worm castings, lobster and kelp meals, mycorrhizae, greensand, and biochar.

Mulch

Suppresses weed and insect pressure while helping to control soil temperature and moisture content. Mulch also helps to tidy up the appearance of your gardens, beds, borders, and walkways. Coast of Maine’s mulches are enriching and add organic matter to the soil when incorporated.

Fundy Blend: Humified birch and maple bark meet partially humified hemlock bark and a blend of kelp solids and sphagnum moss peat. The result is an almost black humus rich in organic matter with all the added benefits of both compost and kelp. The ideal top-dress for roses and perennials.

Garden Glossary

Annual A plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one year and then dies.

Biennial A plant that requires two years to complete its life cycle, setting seed in its second year. Often treated as annuals.

Compost Decayed organic matter which enriches soil. Fosters the activity of beneficial bacteria and fungi while improving soil structure and adding nutrients.

Days to Maturity The number of days until harvest. With direct-seeded crops this count starts at sowing. With transplanted crops—those that are usually started indoors—the count starts when setting out seedlings.

Determinate “Bush” tomato varieties. Determinate tomatoes grow to a compact size (4 ft. on average) making them easier to stake or cage. Their fruits ripen over a concentrated window of 1-2 weeks.

Hybrid Varieties resulting from an intential cross of two different varieties of the same plant to form offspring with improved traits. Seed saved from hybrids will not breed true-to-type in the next generation. Praised for uniformity and vigor.

Indeterminate Vining tomato types. Their sprawling stature requires more elaborate trellising and pruning throughout the season. Indeterminate tomatoes have a higher ratio of leaves to fruit resulting in better flavor.

Open-Pollinated (OP) Varieties that, if properly isolated, will breed true-to-type. All heirloom seeds are open-pollinated.

Perennial A plant that lives for more than two years. Most periennials should be divided every 3-5 years to maintain plant vigor.

Row Cover Also know as floating row cover or garden fabric. Useful in the organic garden for pest protection and for protecting plants from frost at either end of the season.

Tender Perennial Perennial grown on the edge of its hardiness zone. Susceptible to cold and may require mulching or to be brought indoors to survive the winter.